Each year drug and alcohol abuse will costs U.S. companies billions of dollars, which includes turnover rates for employees, unexcused absences, lower productivity, accidents, and increased workers’ compensation claims. According to the National Safety Council, employees who abuse prescription drugs are two to five times more likely to take unexcused absences, be late for work, be injured or violent at work, file workers’ compensation claims, and quit or be fired within one year of employment.
DRUG TESTING BENEFITS
Testing your current and potential employees can help prevent and detect workplace drug abuse. The most common drugs at the root of the substance abuse issue include marijuana, cocaine, heroin, ecstasy, methamphetamine, and opioids. Employers with a drug testing program in place report:
- Reduced employee healthcare costs
- Improvements in employee morale, productivity, and performance
- Decreased absenteeism, accidents, downtime, turnover, and theft
- Compliance with state or federal regulations
- Being able to identify and refer employees who have drug and/or alcohol problems
- Providing a safe workplace for employees
TYPES OF DRUG TESTS
There are a variety of employment-related drug and alcohol tests used by employers. For more than 30 years, CDS has worked to make the drug testing process easier and more streamlined for customers.
Regardless of your industry or unique requirements, CDS has the tools, and best-in-business practices necessary to help you create a drug-testing program that will work for you and your company. Before making a decision, we encourage you to research the benefits of each type to determine what best matches your company’s needs.
- Urine Testing
- Hair Testing
- Oral Fluid Testing
- Alcohol Testing
When drug testing should be conducted
There are several circumstances in which an organization may require a drug test.
Pre-Employment Drug Testing
Random Drug Testing
Reasonable Suspicion Testing
Periodic Drug Testing
Follow-up Drug Testing
Wall-to-Wall Drug Testing / Blanket Drug Testing
Other Types of Drug Testing
HOW TO SELECT A DRUG TESTING POLICY
There are various Drug Testing methods to screen for alcohol and commonly detected drugs. Urine, oral fluid, hair, and alcohol tests are some of the most common workplace drug testing methods available.
Policies should define who is covered; companies should understand when and who to drug test, since different reasons for testing play a role in determining who is tested and how often. Policies should also clearly communicate disciplinary consequences for refusing to test or testing positive. When implementing drug testing in the workplace, it’s important to provide a clear, written policy that is shared with all employees, along with employee education regarding the dangers of alcohol and drug abuse. For more direction, CDS can assist you in creating a prototype policy for your business.
Once the policy is implemented, provide training to supervisors about the warning signs of substance abuse, documentation of performance-related problems, employee assistance programs (EAP), health-insurance coverage for treatment, and how to refer an employee for help. But most importantly, stay informed. CDS can provide substance abuse training in the workplace or supervisor awareness training. For more information, call us at 800-713-5971 or contact us online.
REQUEST NEW POLICY INFORMATION
CUSTOMIZE YOUR POLICY
If you decide to start a drug testing program at your company, it’s important to create a detailed policy. To customize your policy, ask the following questions:
- What are the goals and guidelines for the new policy?
- How often, when, and where will testing be done?
- Will you do pre-employment, random, or post-incident testing?
- How will your program be communicated to employees?
- What are the consequences if someone tests positive?
- Will you offer a Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)?
- What methodology do you want to use?
Depending on the industry, you may want to customize your policy to best suit your company’s needs. Safety-sensitive industries like transportation, construction, and oil and gas, where there have been incidents directly related to drug and alcohol use, are implementing stricter drug testing policies. Some companies are also requiring “safety-sensitive” employees to report the use of prescription or over-the-counter medications that could impact safety. On January 1, 2018 the Department of Transportation (DOT) published new regulations for its drug-testing programs. The revised guideline mandates DOT regulated programs will now be required to test for additional opioids including hydrocodone, hydromorphone, oxycodone, and oxymorphone.
Once you have created the policy, review it to ensure it is current, compliant with relevant state and federal laws, including state marijuana legislation, and considers all parameters and procedures involved.